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When applying for financial aid, you’ll need to fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) to determine your expected family contribution (EFC) — the amount a college expects your family to pay toward the cost of your education. But what if your parents can’t or won’t assist with the expense?
Don’t worry: it’s still possible to fund your tuition and expenses, even without your parents’ help. Here are some alternative solutions.
The FAFSA considers students to be dependents, even if their parents aren’t contributing to their tuition. Moreover, the EFC is calculated according to your family’s ability to pay, not their willingness.
However, there are some circumstances in which you may be considered an independent, meaning you can leave your parents’ information off the FAFSA and their financial circumstances won’t factor into your financial aid.
To qualify as an independent, you must meet at least one of the following conditions:
If the above cases don’t apply to you, there are still some options for maximizing your aid and scholarships.
If your parents can’t afford to pay:
Via QuestBridge’s National College Match Program, students can earn a full ride to 40 top colleges, including:
The college scholarship program covers all expenses at the college with which students are matched, for all four years. There is no parental contribution involved, although students may be expected to perform work-study or contribute from their savings.
Sticker price is not the same as net price. Many prestigious colleges, including all members of the Ivy League, commit to meeting 100% of students’ demonstrated need through generous financial aid packages, often without student loans.
This means that for low-income students who get accepted, you may actually pay less to attend an elite school than what you’d pay at a public in-state university. Some students even have all expenses covered by financial aid.
Of course, all these schools are extremely selective, and these options are only need-based. So, if the schools aren’t a good fit for you academically, or if your parents can afford to pay, but aren’t willing, here are some other options:
There are a number of schools that automatically award scholarships based on factors like standardized test scores, GPA/class rank, and more. Many are state schools, such as Alabama State University, Georgia State University, Texas State University, and the University of Oregon. However, some private schools, such as Howard University, also award generous automatic scholarships.
Keep in mind that you may have to apply before a priority deadline to be considered, so stay on top of your applications and be ready to submit as early as November or December.
It’s usually easier to get large scholarships, including full-ride awards, from the colleges themselves. This is because universities have much more scholarship money to offer than external organizations.
Scholarships from external organizations are still a good option, however. They can be extremely competitive, but you can improve your chances by applying to more local, niche awards.
Don’t forget to look into CollegeVine’s scholarships too — we award scholarships of $500+ weekly! You don’t need to write an essay; all you need to do is earn “karma” by helping other students on our free admissions platform. In return, you can bid that karma in the weekly drawings. If you don’t win, the karma will be returned, where you can spend it on expert answers in our community forums or peer essay reviews.
The highly prestigious National Merit Scholarship Program recognizes the achievements of high school students through a multi-stage process, beginning with the National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test (NMSQT), more commonly known as the PSAT.
Taking the PSAT in 11th grade means you’ll be automatically entered into the competition. Top 1% scorers in each state will advance, and will be expected to submit an application, letters of recommendation, and an essay to compete for finalist status. The final award amounts to $2,500 toward your education, and many colleges offer additional scholarships to finalists and semifinalists. Some schools, like the University of Alabama, even offer full-tuition scholarships to semifinalists.
Depending on the college, being a a resident advisor (RA) can help save you money. While typically not an option for freshmen, you may be able to become a RA as an upperclassman. RAs are often entitled to free or heavily discounted room and board.
Many financial aid packages include work-study, where you’ll work an on-campus job and be paid directly by your school. You can then apply that money towards your educational expenses. Jobs can range from working in the dining hall to being a library aide. Some jobs are even pretty passive, like working the help desk at the campus gym, allowing you to study and get paid.
In addition to work-study, you can always apply for a part-time job. Part-time jobs that are relevant to your schoolwork and discipline will help with your costs, while also building your resume. Make sure you have time for both work and school, though — you don’t want to fall behind because you’re having trouble juggling the two.
Student loans, although not ideal, can help you pay for college without a financial contribution from your parents. If you do end up applying for loans, just make sure you understand the terms and timetable for repaying them. Try to maximize your federal loan eligibility before applying to private loans, as federal loans tend to offer lower interest rates, and some don’t start accruing interest until after graduation.
Wondering how much you should expect to pay for college? Your cost of attendance will depend on many factors, such as the price of the college, their financial aid policies, your family’s income, and more. You may be expected to pay very different sums at similar colleges.
You can find out your expected college costs by using each individual school’s net price calculator, or by using CollegeVine’s free financial aid calculator. Just enter your information once and see your estimated cost of attendance at hundreds of schools. We’ll also provide you with your estimated chances of acceptance, plus tips to improve your profile. For more advice and information, you can also check out our Paying for College community forum.